You should say:
● where it is
● what kind of pollution it has
● what causes pollution
● And explain how you feel about that place
(where it is) A thing of beauty is a joy forever. But it would not be joyful to see the beauty fade in front of your eyes. It so happened to me with the pink city Jaipur in India. It is no more pink. It has turned to some sort of a shade of orange.
(what kind of pollution it has) (what causes pollution) The report published by the World Health Organisation attributes the majority of pollution to the improper channelling of energy from industry and transport sectors, coal-fuelled power plants, desert dust and burning of wastes. The air quality index in Jaipur has come down. The place which was once the abode of English Royals is now strewn with garbage. There are no proper arrangements to sort and dispose of it. There are no strict rules in place for open air emissions. There are no programs to shift to cleaner options for electricity and discontinue the use of coal. The negligence from the government has given the city a pathetic look. (explain how you feel about that place) I was heartbroken. It did not feel good to see the city in ruins. I was so enraged that I wrote a column in the local newspaper to control the air pollution in Jaipur. I vented out with my friends. I’m hoping that the city will return to its royal pink very soon.
Fade (verb) – gradually grow faint and disappear.
Eg: The light faded and there was darkness all over.
Air quality index (phrase) – index for reporting how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you. For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health.
Eg: Before moving to a new place it is better to check the air quality index of the place.
Strewn (adj) – untidily scattered
Eg: The place was strewn with dried flowers.
Heartbroken (adj) – suffering from overwhelming distress.
Eg: She was heartbroken on hearing the death news.
1. Why do people throw waste materials on roads?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) I think it is due to their laziness and lack of moral responsibility towards safeguarding the environment and the beauty of the city. A large number of people are ignorant about what they are doing to the environment.
2. How can the government encourage people to keep their city clean?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) They can conduct awareness programs. The program must reach all kinds of people in a city. They can make advertisements and as well as circulate videos on YouTube and Facebook. The program should tell the people the current state of the city. Also, it must project how the city will look like in another ten years if they do and don’t follow cleanliness standards.
3. What do you think? Is it a good idea or a bad idea to establish limited factories in a city?
(Give a direct answer to the question) It is a very good idea to restrict the number of factories in a city.
(Explain your reason or reasons) As the government is responsible for reducing global warming effects, controlling pollution, and maintaining the air quality index in a place, they should enforce strict rules in place regarding the establishment of factories.
4. What kinds of pollution are serious in your country?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) We have almost all kinds of pollution. Air pollution is due to fuel emissions by vehicles and factories. Water pollution is caused when factories let out their waste products to nearby water bodies.
5. What can individuals do to protect our environment?
(Give a direct answer to the question) (Explain your reason or reasons) As the literacy rate is increasing, most of them are aware of the disaster caused by plastics. So, they can shift to some environmentally friendly products. Now that the government has officially banned it, people have no choice. But even otherwise, any small effort towards protecting the environment should be voluntarily taken by every individual like not littering on roads and using eco-friendly modes of transport.
Moral responsibility (noun) – the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission performed or neglected in accordance with one’s moral obligations. Deciding what counts as “morally obligatory” is a principal concern of ethics.
Eg: Everyone has moral responsibility towards reducing global warming.
Standards (noun) – a level of quality or attainment.
Eg: Ram had set high standards for the project.
Enforce (verb) – cause (something) to happen by necessity or force.
Eg: The sports committee enforced strict laws for its players.
Literacy (noun) – the ability to read and write.
Eg: Kerala is a state which has a high literacy rate.
Disaster (noun) – an event or fact that has unfortunate consequences.
Eg: There are many disasters caused by releasing industrial effluents into water bodies.
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