1.1 How old were you when you first learned to
D ride a bike
F tie a shoelace?
1.2 You will hear a talk about early development in children. Listen and complete the table below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
1.3 Listen to the talk again and find words that mean the same as the following.
1 learned (a skill) …
2 copying people …
3 without help …
4 in a natural, unforced way …
5 developed a skill to a high level …
6 phase ( 2 words)
1.4 WORD BUILDING Complete the table.
2.1 Read this text about development in adolescence. Then complete the folowing sentences with words from the text.
The final stage before adulthood is adolescence. This is a period of transition for teenagers and there are many crucial milestones. Socially and emotionally, teens worry that they may not be developing at the same rate as cheir peers. They become extremely self-conscious and may be overly sensitive about their appearance. Teens may rebel against their parents but are also more able to accept the consequences of their actions.
This is also a period of enormous physical change and adolescents experience changes in their physical development at a rate unparalleled since infancy. These changes include significant gains in height and weight. Within a year, boys and girls can gain an average of 4.1 inches and 3.5 inches in height respectively. This growth spurt typically occurs two years earlier for girls than for boys and can tend to make both sexes go through a clumsy phase. In terms of their cognitive development, adolescents have greater reasoning skills and have developed the ability to think logically and hypothetically. They are also able to discuss more abstract concepts. They should also have developed strategies to help them srudy.
1. First-year students often struggle with the transition from high school to university.
2. The _______ at which a change occurs can cause problems for both the very young and the elderly.
3. It can be less stressful to make a presentation to your _______ rather than to your teachers.
4. The increase in violence among young people may be a _______ of watching too much violence on TV and in video games.
5. Petrol prices are increasing at a speed that is _______ since the oil crisis of the 70s.
6. Teenagers _______ rebel against their parents between the ages of 14 and 16.
7. In part three of the speaking test you are expected to be able to talk about _______ more topics.
8. Infinity is a very difficult _______ for children to grasp.
2.2 What stage would you associate the following words and phrases with? Write the words in the correct column below.
2.3 Many words used to talk about human growth can also be used to talk about data and statistics. Complete the sentences with a suitable word from the text in 2.1. You may need to change the form of the words.
1. The p _____ of greatest stability occurred between 1985 and 1990.
2. The greatest period of g _____ was in 2004.
3. The figures g _____ from 2,500 to 6,000 in 2007 .
4. The company g _____ an extra 2,000 employees in 2002.
5. Sales increased at a significant r _____ between 2001 and 2005.
6. The number of migrants rose s _____ from 1980 to 2000.
3. Match the phrases in A with the definitions in B.
4.1 Think about your answers to these questions.
1. What do you remember about your early childhood?
2. Do you think you have a good memory or a poor memory?
4.2 Now listen to a student answering the questions in 4.1 and make a note of all of the words and phrases connected with memory.
remember, memories …
4.3 Correct the vocabulary mistakes in these sentences.
1. I will always
memory how beautiful the sunset was on that day. => remember
2. I have very fond reminders of my school days.
3. Could you remember me to buy some bread on the way home?
4. At school we always had to memory long lists of vocabulary.
5. I remind how happy our childhood was.
1 behaviour 2 gestures 3 Toddler 4 independent 5 climb 6 make-believe / imagination 7 outside world 8 immature 9 rapid 10 teeth / eyes 11 eyes / teeth 12 skills
1 acquired 2 imitating 3 unassisted / without support 4 spontaneously 5 mastered 6 stage, period
2 rate 3 peers 4 consequence 5 unparalleled 6 may / typically 7 abstract 8 concept
1 period 2 growth 3 grew 4 gained 5 rate 6 significantly
2 D 3 G 4 F 5 C 6 B 7 H 8 A
memory, reminisce, look back, remind, memorise, forget, reminder
reminders memories 3 remember remind 4 memory memorise 5 remind remember